Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme (BBBP) {बेटी बचाओ बेटी पढ़ाओ योजना}

Updated on May 17, 2020

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) was started on January 22, 2015, by the Prime Minister of India from Panipat in Haryana. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is the combination of three different ministries that are Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare, and Human Resource Development. This scheme was launched to promote gender equality as well as to emphasize the implication of educating girls. The initial fund allocated to this scheme was Rs. 100 crore and target states that are included in it are Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar, Uttarakhand, and Delhi.

It aims to reduce the child sex ratio image (CSR). This scheme is started by the central government as well as with a combination of three ministries. This scheme aims to decline low child-sex ratio initially in 100 districts throughout the country.

Objectives

It was launched to decline the Child Sex Ratio (CSR) as well as many other issues that are related to the women empowerment:

  • This scheme will help to eliminate gender-based discrimination as well as elimination.
  • It helps to protect the girl child.
  • This scheme helps to provide the girl child with quality education as well as enabling her contribution.

Consequence and Need

Child-Sex ratio means the number of girls per 1000 boys whose age is between 0-6 years. This ratio can reflect both pre-birth and post-birth discrimination towards girls. The primary reason for women disempowerment is the decline in the child sex ratio (CSR).

Some reasons called for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is mentioned below:

The launch of this scheme for Low child-sex rationAccording to census data, the Child Sex Ratio (CSR) was 933 girls per 1,000 boys in 2001, which dropped to 918 girls for every 1,000 boys in 2011 whose age is between 0-6 years. According to the report of UNICEF in 2012, India ranked 41st among 195 countries. According to the population census of India in 2011 shows that there are 943 females per 1000 males.

  • To stop crimes against women that are rising

There are a lot of crimes against women increasing day by day. These crimes may include female fetuses post ultrasonic testing and other forms of discrimination against girl infants. Crimes, as well as sex abuse, are on a constant high. In the year 2014, on the occasion of International Day of the Girl Child, the Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi gave a speech and emphasized on the purge of female feticide.

  • Selfie with Daughter

This initiative was launched in 2015 by the sarpanch of the village Bibipur in Haryana, Sunil Jaglan, who at first took the first Selfie with his daughter Nandini. This post on Facebook gains world-wide fame on June 9 2015.

  • Sakshi Malik

The winner of Olympics 2016 Bronze medallist, Sakshi Malik was appointed as brand ambassador for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao on August 26, 2016.

Achievements and Benefits

  • This scheme's aim was to make girls independent, both monetarily as well as socially.
  • With the help of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme, the government trying to make awareness among people towards women's issues.
  • This scheme helps to improve the effectiveness of the delivery of safety services meant for women. 
  • The government has started one more scheme that is 'Sukanya Samridhi Yojana' for the benefits of Girl child. This scheme provides the highest interest, an 8.1% interest rate per annual. Under this scheme parents of girl child whose age is between 2-10 years can open an account in the Post Office, and they can deposit a maximum Rs. 1.50 lakhs per annum.
  • The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme has put impact just in 2 years from its launch date. The sex ration in 2 years crossed up to 950 females per 1000 males.
  • The number of women police officers also increased from 6% to 8.5%.
  • There are a lot of women now who are joining their fields and careers of their own choices. These careers are armed forces, science, journalism, sports, wrestling, engineering as well as many others.
  • Under this scheme, the government is trying to motivate the parents of the girl children to send them to school.

Different Strategies Undertaken

  • This scheme is focusing on those Districts, which are Gender Critical to making specific intensive actions are taken consequently.
  • This scheme has put the priority on those cities where the Child Sex Ratio is low.
  • To discuss the issues, those are the reason for the low Child Sex Ratio in public discourse.
  • Motivating the people of the country to participate as well as to work towards their development and to the birth and growth of a girl child.

The Scope and Dissemination of the Initiative

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is a national initiative that is implemented through a focused action in 100 selected districts which are low in Chile Sex Ration (CSR). These districts are chosen as per the census of 2011 which covers all the states as well as UTIs. All details are mentioned below:
  • 87 districts/23 states (These are below the national average)
  • 8 districts/8 states (These are above average but have shown declining trend)
  • 5 districts/5 states (These are above average and have shown increasing trends)
  • To flourish the initiative beyond the 100 selected districts, there are 61 additional districts have been chosen from 11 states as well as UTIs who's Child Sex Ratio is below 918.
  • The PAN India Expansion of BBBP was started on March 8, 2018, which covered all the 640 districts as per the Census 2011.

Target Audience

There is no doubt that the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative targets the entire country. Three different classifications have been made about the target audience for BBBP. These three classifications are mentioned below:

  1. Primary Groups: This group includes young as well as married couples, pregnant mothers, and parents.
  2. Secondary Groups: This group includes the youth of the country, doctors, in-laws, private hospitals, nursing homes, diagnostic centres.
  3. Tertiary Groups: This group includes the general people of the country like frontline workers, officials, religious leaders, voluntary organizations, media as well as women SHGs.

Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility for the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme has mentioned below. The candidates must have to fulfil all the conditions.

  • The age of the girl child must be below the age of 10 years.
  • There should be an account of a girl child under Sukanya Samriddhi Account (SSA) in any bank that IS opened with the name of the girl child.
  • NRIs girls are not eligible, so the Girl child should be an Indian to get benefits from this scheme.

How to apply?

There is a simple process to get enrolled under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao benefits. All the steps to apply for this scheme are mentioned below:

  • At first, the beneficiary has to visit the bank or post office wherever this scheme is available.
  • Now get the application form for BBBP/SSA as well as Fill all the details in the application form.
  • The candidate has to fill the application form manually as well as to attach all the mandatory documents.
  • After filling all the details and attaching the required documents with the application form, please submit it to the same bank or post office.
  • The account must be opened with the name of the girl child.
  • The candidate is allowed to transfer the account from one bank and post office account to another bank and post office account.

Documents Required for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme

All the documents that are needed to get the benefits of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme are mentioned below:

  • Birth Certificate of the girl child that is issued by the hospital or a recognized government body is mandatory.
  • For the identity proof Aadhaar Card and Ration Card of the Parents.
  • For the Address proof any documents like Passport, Driving license, Utility bills like water, telephone, electricity, etc.
  • Recent Passport size photograph of the girl child.

Different Schemes introduced under this Campaign

There are a lot of campaigns, awareness programs as well as the creation of improvised reforms, which are started under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme which focuses on women empowerment as well as the welfare of women and the girl child. And now here are some schemes that are introduced under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme.

  • Sukanya Samridhi Yojana
  • Balika Samridhi Yojana
  • Ladli Laxmi Yojana
  • Ladli scheme
  • Kanyashree Prakalpa Yojana
  • Dhanalakshmi scheme and many more

BBBP scheme for the society

This scheme is not just beneficial for the girl child but also for the entire society. The government has spent almost Rs.150 crore to expand the security reforms under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme. There are a lot of changes taken by this initiative towards women and the girl child. This initiative started by the government is to act as a boon for the women as well as a girl child. This scheme has provided a lot of benefits as well as increased the child sex ratio in the country. There are a lot of women who have started their careers in their own chosen field.

Official Website

You can learn more about this scheme on BBBP scheme official website.

 


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WRITTEN BYVarsha Verma

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