Jawahar Rozgar Yojana {जवाहर रोजगार योजना}


Jawahar rozgar program was initiated by April 1, 1989, by merging national rural employment program and rural landless employment guarantee programme. So, it was the amalgamation of the previous employment programs, and it was the most extensive federal employment program of India at that time with the general objective of giving 90-100 days employment per person specifically in backward districts. Mainly, people below the poverty line were the main targets. The Yojana was launched on rural scales. Every village was to be concealed through Panchayati raj institutions. The town got support from district rural development authority. Expenditures were created by central and state in 80:20 ratios.


Jawahar Rozgar Yojana program was divided into three streams:-

1st stream

Containing general works under JRY and also two sub-schemes Indira Awas yojana and million well schemes. It got 75% of the total allocation. In Indira Awas Yojana, the distribution was increased from 6% to 10% and million wells scheme from 20% to 30% during that period.

2nd stream

It was also called intensified Jawahar Rozgar Yojana and was executed in selected 120 backward districts and got 20% allocations.

3rd stream

It was left with a 5% allocation for innovation programs that included the prevention of labour migration and drought-proofing watershed. 

The Government of India launched Sampoorna Grameen rozgar yojana by the objective of giving gainful employment for the rural poor. It was initiated on September 25, 2001, by combining the provisions of the employment assurance scheme and Jawahar gram rozgar scheme. Its main aim is to provide employment and food to people in rural areas who are below the poverty line. 


  • To generate more employment opportunities for unemployed rural youth.
  • To upgrade the overall quality of life
  • To build productive community assets that would benefit the deprived sections, thus, strengthening the rural infrastructure.


  • The target group combines persons living below the poverty line.
  • Preference is given to SC and ST among the poor.
  • 30% of the beneficiaries are women.
  • All works which result in the creation of durable community assets can be taken up.
  • Wages under JRY could be paid in the form of cash or food grain.
  • High priority is given to work which is needed as a framework under poverty alleviation programs.
  • For social forestry works, the participation of NGOs is desirable.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. By which name Jawahar Rozgar Yojana was restructured?

It was restructured with the name of Sampoorna Grameen rozgar yojana.

Q. In which streams Yojana is divided?

It is mainly divided into three streams.

Q. What is the main objective of Jawahar Rozgar Yojana?

The main objective is to provide more and more employment opportunities to people below the poverty line.