NULM Scheme Details (National Urban Livelihoods Mission or Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana) {दीनदयाल उपाध्याय अंत्योदय योजना}

Updated on Jul 04, 2020

The National Urban Livelihoods Mission or widely known as the Deendayal Antodaya Yojana, was introduced by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation. This Scheme was launched by replacing the already existed Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana. 

The NULM scheme was launched on September 23, 2013. This Scheme focuses on categorizing the poor people in urban areas from the grassroots level to creating new opportunities for the skill development of the people, leading to market-based services for the people and helping them with setting up their self-employment projects by providing a simple approach to credit. This project is intended to give shelter and essential services for the homeless person of the urban areas in a planned manner.

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation implemented the Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana since 1997, but that was again changed to Deendayal Antodaya Yojana or National Urban Livelihoods Mission in September 2013. 

Objective

The main aim of the scheme if to help with the unemployment and other concerns of the people living in the urban areas. Most people in those areas are concerned with unceremonious activities in which there are continuous threats of removal, expulsion, and deduction of products, and there are no social security for those people. Even if the poor people living in urban areas have somewhat access to a good income, their way of living is not well sanitized. They also face various social problems, crime, discrimination, violence, and exposure to a dangerous environment.

Major Components

The Major Components of the Scheme are:

  • ESTP- Employment through Skill Training and Placement
  • SEP- Self Employment Programme
  • SMID- Social Mobilization and Institutional Development
  • SUH-Shelter for Urban Homeless
  • SUSV- Support to Urban Street Vendor
  • CBT- Capacity Building and Training Programmers

Features

  • Valuable involvement and possession in the institutions and all the processes of the poor people living in urban areas. 
  • Total honesty in the project design and regulation in the implementation of the project includes strength and capacity building.
  • Responsibility of the Government work and the community.
  • Collaborating with the organization and various stakeholders.
  • Self-independence, self-aid, and mutual assistance in the cities.

Policy of NULM Scheme

  • Constructing capability for poor people in urban areas by providing machinery and other services for their institutions can alleviate numerous poverty eradication programs.
  • Upgrading and increasing the already existing lifestyle option for people living in urban areas.
  • Structuring the poor people's skills reasonably to help them enable the job opportunities available in the market.
  • Providing them with financial aid and training for the formation of micro-enterprises for the people living in the urban areas and the self-help groups.
  • Guaranteeing accessibility and availability of shelter for the poor people living in the metropolitan regions 24*7 with other facilities, including sanitization, clean water supply, and security and safety of the people.
  • Fulfilling the needs of the vulnerable people who belong to the homeless category like mentally ill, aged, disabled, dependant kids, etc. They will be given particular sections and help specially curated for them.
  • Establishing robust rights based on the linkages with the numerous already existing schemes for the poor such as PDS, social security, identity, schooling, healthcare, food, shelter, financial aid, education, ICDS, etc.
  • Focusing on the livelihood problems of the urban vendors by providing an appropriate place, organizational credit, social security, expertise, etc. for the street vendors of the urban areas will help them build new market opportunities.

Principles

  • The main principle of this Scheme is that the poor people living in urban areas have the potential to become good entrepreneurs and come out of poverty, but all they lack is the proper help. The initial step is to motivate these people mentally and then to provide them sufficient guidance that they can manage in the external environment, approach finance, increase their knowledge and skills, building in enterprises, etc. This process includes various activities and continuous support for the poor urban so that they can succeed.
  • The project aims to promote the livelihood program to a more significant set of people to upgrade their way of life collectively. These institutional policies will help the poor urban build their own financial, social, and necessary assets. This program will increase their overall ability, and with the enhanced skills, they can easily get employed in any public or private sector.
  • According to the 74th Amendment Act of 1992 of the Indian Constitution, the poverty in the urban areas must be eradicated, and the regulations will be made by the Urban Local Buddies or the ULB. So, the ULBs will commence all the necessary actions and rules for the same.
  • The Scheme aims to collect up the gyration of the poor people living in urban areas to develop their skills and provide them with credit facilities. 
  • The Scheme emphasizes the development of poor people by providing them with proper education, health, social security, assistance, livelihoods, etc.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is the NULM scheme?

The National Urban Livelihoods Mission or widely known as the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana was introduced by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation which focuses on categorizing the poor people in urban areas from the grass-root level to create new opportunities for the skill development of the people which leads to market-based services for the people and to help them with setting up their self-employment projects by providing a simple approach to credit.

You can visit the official website to learn in details.

Q. When was this Scheme launched?

This Scheme was launched by replacing the already existed Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana. The NULM scheme was launched on September 23, 2013.

Q. What is the main objective of the Scheme?

The main objectives of the Scheme is categorizing the poor people in urban areas from the grass-root level to create new opportunities for the skill development of the people, which leads to market-based services for the people and to help them with setting up their self-employment projects by providing a simple approach to credit. This project is intended to give shelter and essential services for the homeless person of the urban areas in a planned manner.

Q. What are the major components of the Scheme?

The Major Components of the Scheme are ESTP- Employment through Skill Training and Placement, SEP- Self Employment Programme, SMID- Social Mobilization and Institutional Development, SUH-Shelter for Urban Homeless, SUSV- Support to Urban Street Vendor and CBT- Capacity Building and Training Programmers.

Q. Who fixed the target for the ULBs?

The state fixes the targets for the ULBs.

Q. What is the main principle of the Scheme?

The main principle of this Scheme is that the poor people living in urban areas have the potential to become good entrepreneurs and come out of poverty, but all they lack is the proper help.

Q. What is the primary strategy of the Scheme?

The primary strategy of the Scheme is constructing capability for the poor people in the urban areas by providing machinery and other services for their institutions from which they can alleviate numerous poverty eradication programs and upgrading and increasing the already existing lifestyle option for the people living in the urban areas.


Categories

WRITTEN BYVarsha Verma

Add comment