SVAMITVA YOJANA- Goverment Scheme

SVAMITVA YOJANA was launched by PM Narendra Modi on April 24, 2020, on the occasion of Panchayat Raj Day and the distribution of the property cards began on 11 October.

In this yojana, the government has aimed to provide property cards to each household of the villages across the country within three to four years. This scheme is launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi through a video conference. 

Under this scheme, mapping of all the property will be done with the help of drones in the villages of the country. After mapping and demarcation of the property will be over then, the government will provide the certificate of ownership of the property will be given to the respective people of the villages. 

The surveys of inhabitant’s land in the villages will be done by using the latest survey methods and techniques. 

What are SVAMITVA yojana?

The SVAMITVA stands for surveys of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas. It is a central sector scheme that aims is to have the 'proper records' of the property of the villagers. The main aim of this scheme is to survey all village's areas and the properties by using drones and prepare GIS-based for each area. 

During this year, this scheme is implemented as a pilot project for about 1 lakh people to cover approx. 8 states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, and Rajasthan. 

The aim is to cover all the 6.62 lakh rural villages in the country by the end of the year.

How is the SVAMITVA property card generated?

This scheme is implemented for the welfare of the villagers. This scheme is finalized by the Panchayati Raj, it provides the multi-stage process to generate a property card. It starts with the signing of a memorandum of understanding between the survey of India (sol) and the respective state governments. 

In this yojana, the sol is responsible for preparing the national database on all the scales by using the technology for mapping the areas at various scales including photography drones, satellite images, airborne and drone platforms, etc. In this process, the identification of the villages to be surveyed during the pilot phase, and make understand the process of mapping of the properties. 

The residential area of the village will be demarcated and each remote village will be marked with limestone. Then, drone mapping is done on a large scale in rural areas of the villages. Based on the images and GIS database etc. 

How data and maps are updated in the future?

Once the framework of the GIS database is prepared it will encompass the 6.62 lakh villages. The state government will hold the entire responsibility of the database and surveys. They will also update the GIS database. The government will also decide the update-frequency of all the re-surveys.

Who will own the SVAMITVA Scheme property card?

According to the framework, the SVAMITVA Scheme orthorectified base maps will be owned by the surveys of India, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, and the state government. The GIS data of all the surveys will be jointly owned by the center and state. However, the details of the property will be owned by the state revenue department because they have the authority to mutate the right of records and update maps. 

So, the state revenue department will be the owner of the entire database recorded and others have the right to view the data. Other GIS data will be shared by the patwari level officer for the records. All these data will record once every year incorporating updates that have been done in the preceding 12 months.


  • This scheme will beneficial for rural residents in many ways that are as follows: 
  • Firstly, it will help rural area household people to use their property as financial assets for taking any kind of loans and other financial uses.
  • Secondly, it will help the household to determine property tax, which would occur by the gram panchayats directly in states and it will empower them to collect such taxes.
  • This scheme will help the villagers to increase the liquidity of land parcels in the market. Hence, it increases the financial credit availability in the area. 
  • The SVAMITVA YOJANA will help to have proper records of the land for rural planning and maps will also be available at gram Panchayat.
  • This yojana will help in the taxation of villages, construction permits, elimination of encroachments, etc.
  • Lastly, the property maps will be made by using the GIS technique and the same can be used for better development of the area by gram Panchayat. 

Guidelines and reports 

This scheme is the scope to undertake rural India with the SVAMITVA scheme. This yojana has been undertaken after 70 years to accomplish the development of rural areas in the country. The government has set the guidelines both in English/Hindi language to enable the successful accomplishment of the scheme. 

To share the updates of the scheme progress, the scheme portal lists various reports such as: - 

  • Property card disturbed
  • Final maps generated
  • Data processing completed
  • Chennai marking completed
  • Property card prepared
  • Inquiry process completed
  • Drone survey completed.

Frequently asked questions: -

Q. What is the full form of the SVAMITVA scheme?

A. SVAMITVA (survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas). 

Q. What is the official website of the SVAMITVA scheme?

A. Https:// 

Q. What is the SVAMITVA scheme?

A. SVAMITVA scheme is launched by PM Narendra Modi by aiming to bring financial stability to the residents of rural areas by enabling them to use their property as financial assets by taking loans and other financial uses. 

Q. How can I apply For the SVAMITVA scheme?

A. You can easily apply for the SVAMITVA Scheme government has created an portal for people to get proper records, information, and mapping of their property.

Q. What is the property card?

A. Property cards are those cards issued by the local authorities of the city to establish the ownership of the cities while in rural areas property cards are those known as RoR as the 7/12 extract, which is issued by the government-certified property ownership title.